The debate about the reality of an african architecture appears to have subsided. Many architects and scholars argue, that architecture has become so internationalised, that it is futile to continue agitating for the development of an african architecture.

This paper examines african architecture during the colonial period and immediately after independence. It argues that african architects were overwhelmed by the need to fid a new identity for the young states, that they almost wholeheartedly threw out all consideration for sustainability.

The paper further argues that even after years of training her own architects, the attitude has not changed. If anything, it has worsened with the modern architect trying to overdo so called internationalism.

The paper cautions, that it is high time african architects awakened to the reality of the region’s socio-economic and climatic conditions in order to be able to design sustainably for the african people.

Examples from the East African region are discussed.



  Nawangwe Barnabas   Jul 19, 2016   publications   0 Comment Read More

The Evolution of the Kibuga into Kampala’s City Centre – Analysis of the transformation of an African city

The Kibuga was the capital of the Buganda Kingdom at the time the British declared a protectorate over this very well organised kingdom in 1900.
The Kibuga comprised of the king’s palace at the centre of the settlement, surrounded by the villas of the chiefs and other members of the royal family.
The Kibuga was very well structured, with radial and concentric streets in relation to the king’s palace, all organically set in the natural environment.
This paper seeks to disprove the common belief that African cities have developed as transplants of architectural and planning styles from Europe.
The paper is based on a study that was carried out through the study of archival documents, literature reviews and physical observation involving photography and sketching.
The study revealed the overwhelming influence of urban concepts from the Kibuga on the development of Kampala’s city centre.
  Nawangwe Barnabas   Jul 19, 2016   publications   0 Comment Read More

Integrating informal land delivery systems into urban land use planning: A case study of Mbale Municipality, Namatala Ward


This paper provides a discussion of informal systems of land delivery in Uganda with reference to a case study in Namatala Ward, the largest slum in Mbale.
Such informal settlements are the main channel of housing land supply, a response to the failure of the government’s policies on urban land and the inability of the private sector to provide land for housing the poor. Informal land delivery systems have both strengths and weaknesses.
Their strengths include their ability to provide land in significant volumes to meet the housing needs of various socio-economic groups. Weaknesses of informal delivery systems include the inappropriate locations in which settlements are located, the poor layouts that sometimes emerge and the almost universal infrastructure and service deficiencies.
The paper looks at the informal land delivery system in one informal settlement in Mbale and how the municipal council is integrating it into its urban land use planning programmes through regularization i.e. formalizing the informal settlements by registration and issuance of title documents.
A unique aspect of the delivery system is the use of the local administration system in land transactions. The paper examines the land transactions at the grassroots and the way security of tenure is guaranteed through this system.
This particular slum settlement has no records in the lands office but there exists a vibrant land market.
The local authority comes in to provide roads but through negotiations with the land owners because the local authority has got no control over the land although it has planning authority.
  Nawangwe Barnabas   Jul 19, 2016   publications   0 Comment Read More

    Before he returned to Makerere University in 1989, architects were trained abroad. However, if you meet an architect today, chances are high they received their training under the tutelage of Prof Barnabas Nawangwe at Makerere.